Download E-books The Inner Citadel: The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius (Meditations of Marcus Aurelius) PDF

By Pierre Hadot

The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius are precious today--as they've been over the centuries--as an inexhaustible resource of knowledge. And as one of many 3 most vital expressions of Stoicism, this can be an important textual content for everybody drawn to historic faith and philosophy. but the readability and straightforwardness of the work's variety are misleading. Pierre Hadot, eminent historian of historic idea, uncovers new degrees of that means and expands our figuring out of its underlying philosophy.

Written by means of the Roman emperor for his personal inner most assistance and self-admonition, the Meditations set forth ideas for residing an outstanding and simply existence. Hadot probes Marcus Aurelius's directions and convictions and discerns the hitherto unperceived conceptual method that grounds them. Abundantly quoting the Meditations to demonstrate his research, the writer permits Marcus Aurelius to talk on to the reader. And Hadot unfolds for us the philosophical context of the Meditations, commenting at the philosophers Marcus Aurelius learn and giving unique recognition to the lessons of Epictetus, whose disciple he was.

The soul, the guideline inside us, is in Marcus Aurelius's Stoic philosophy an inviolable stronghold of freedom, the "inner citadel." This lively and fascinating examine of his proposal bargains a clean photograph of the attention-grabbing philosopher-emperor, a fuller figuring out of the culture and doctrines of Stoicism, and wealthy perception at the tradition of the Roman empire within the moment century. Pierre Hadot has been engaged on Marcus Aurelius for greater than two decades; during this e-book he distills his research and conclusions with remarkable lucidity for the overall reader.

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